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26 THE EFFECT OF   ENGLISH AND CANTONESE SPEAKING ABILITY

THE EFFECT OF   ENGLISH AND CANTONESE SPEAKING ABILITY OF  THE INDONESIAN FEMALE MIGRANT WORKERS IN HONGKONG TOWARD  PEOPLE AROUND THEM

(3 May –  8 May 2017)

  1. Rachmawati

ABSTRACT

The  globalization era, requires some life aspects to be mastered. One of the aspects is the ability  to communicate  among others in any languages  as communication tool to  interact with the world community. The fact that Indonesia migration  of labors had a big number of portion since  the Dutch  East Indies Government, makes the mastery of foreign  language important. Most of  the migrant workers of Indonesia are women. They migrate abroad because of economic difficulties. For that, they are willing to  become domestic helper to improve the economic conditions of their families. Having  enough and compatibel skills are very important to minimize the problems that arise with the fellow  and people around them. The training  for these migrant workers are conducted by Indonesian  Manpower Supplier (PJTKI) where they can get such Training Center-Foreign Affairs (BLK –LN).  By doing the training, the migrant workers will get some skills  like basic skill and interpersonal skills. Female migrant workers get English and cantonese language, especially for those who work  in Hongkong. The training  is done in 4 months including daily foreign  language speaking practice. The objective of the training  are to help the female  migrant workers in bargaining position and more appreciate existence.

 

Keywords: Ability to speak English, Cantonese, communication

 

 

  1. INTRODUCTION
  2. Background

In the era of globalization, here are some life aspects to be completed. It puts foreign  language mastery in strategic  position. By mastering foreign  languages,  in this case English and Cantonese, makes it become an instrument to interact  in the society.

The strategy to communicate in foreign  language become an instrument to interact  with community. In this  globalization era is the  International migrant of Indonesian worker. The form  of migrant by Indonesia is the sending of labor to abroad. The delivery of labor to abroad has been started since the Dutch  east Indies. It was  still governed by the Dutch east  Indies  government through Werving oronantie 1938 no 388 on the rules  of execution of Indonesian mobilization  to carry out  its work  in overseas.

Indonesian worker  (TKI) are people  who have difficulty  living to work overseas  in certain period. Delivery of migrant  workers mostly are women. They are willing to be domestic  helper to pit their fate because of poverty  who drives  them to work in overseas. They need on economic improvement  for welfare of their  family. Self preparation for the migrant workers before they left  is an  important thing and  main addition to administrative  completeness. Through Indonesian labor supplier (PJTKI) . PJTKI is a place  which provides training to prospective worker who tries working  overseas. The training objective  are to provide female migrant  worker (TKW)  bargaining  position  and their existence is more appreciated as professional work force.

Female  migrant workers training center  (BLK) is required to be able to work fast, skilled and disciplined. Learning method  in language skill  training which emphasizes  on aspect improving speaking skill both oral and written.

This language learning  activity  is held for  4 months  ( depends on visa)  however, if they are not motivated to practice  speaking in accordance in ability  to communicate in foreign language  ( English and Cantonese) it can cuse migrant female workers’ problem  with employer and people around them abroad.

By the ability  to communicate in foreign language, especially  in this case English and Cantonese will  facilitate them to communicate with people around them.

Based on the description above, the writer  intends to do research on the effect  of  English and Cantonese  speaking ability  of the Indonesian female workers in Hongkong toward people around them.

 

  1. Objectives

The objectives of this research are (1) to find out how far  the speaking ability  of English and Cantonese of  female migrant  workers  (TKW) effects to the  fellow; (2)  to know how far  the speaking ability  of English and Cantonese of  female migrant  workers  (TKW) effects to the  colleague; and  (3) to understand how far  the speaking ability  of English and Cantonese of  female migrant  workers  (TKW) effects to other people.

 

  1. Methodology

In this research, the writer  used cross sectional survey which the information data  is collected  only on  certain moments. The subjects  of research  were female  migrant  workers who live in Hong Kong.   Five workers are taken  as sample. By using convenience sampling, that is  a sample by  a chance  who anyone incidentally  met, the writer  can use as sample and suitable  as data source.

 

  1. RESULT AND DISCUSSION

The result  of research conducted  in Hongkong  with  female migrant workers  (TKW)  as respondednt on 3-8 May 2017

  1. Respondent named Eva ( 29 years old – Cirebon)

1) Fellow behavior

Eva works  as dosmetic helper and takes care elderly in Macao. Her fellow is good young man.  They use Cantonese to communicate. If her work is not pleased her fellow  reminds  firmly. But if her works  are satisfying, her fellow  gives a thumb up  ( good job cues)

2) Colleague

Eva has a close friend from Philiphine, Vietnam, and China

They speak  english an Cantonese for daily communication.  When Eva goes outside, she usually  speaks Cantonese. According  Eva, Cantonese should  be learnt for every workers who work in Hongkong.

3) Training center ( BLK)

Before  Eva works  in Macao, eva join training   at training center  ( BLK) It has many programs. The  most favorite program for her  is cooking.

 

  1. Respondent named Ana Lewakabeshi (  26 years old – Nusa Tenggara Timur)

1).  Fellow behavior

Ana works as domestic helper in Sham Sui Poo. The fellow  is very good. They speak  English for daily communication. If her work   is not pleased her  fellow will say  “ em cung” it means  do not to do this. but if her works  are satisfying   she will say “ leek”  it means “smart “ while holding up the tumb.

2) Colleague

Ana has many friends from Indian , Vietnames, and Philipino. They  communicate in English. When she has spare times. She  learns  Cantonese  in an institution  in Kowloon

3) Training center ( BLK)

In the training hall,  there are many skill subjects were  taught. But  the most she likes  is caring for elderly. This training has positive impact  for  her work.

  1. Respondent named Istiqomah ( 43 years old – klaten)

1) Fellow behavior

She works  as domestic helper  in Tung Cung. Her employer  use Cantonese  for daily communication. Her fellow  is good . if her work is not pleased, her fellow just reminds her. But if her work satisfying,  her feloow  praises her.

2) Colleague

Isti has many friends from Indonesia and work  as migrant female  workers in Hongkong. She  also has many friends from Pakistan, Yaman. She speaks  English for communication.

3) Training center ( BLK)

There are many programs available in training center.  But cooking is the most program that she likes. By  this training  gets  some positive impacts.

 

  1. Respondent named Dewi Riyatun ( 25 years old – cilacap)

1) Fellow behavior

Dewi works as domestic helper  in Laiking . The main job are keeping  the elderly and keeping  the house. She usually speaks English and Cantonese . Her fellow is quite good. If her work is not pleased her fellow  just reminds her. But if her work satisfying  her fellow praises her.

2) Colleague

Dewi has many friends from Philiphine ,  she speaks  English for their communication

3) Training center ( BLK)

Training center has many programs  but the most she likes  is taking care elderly because it is very useful for helping other people.

 

  1. Respondent named Mugi Asih ( 37 years old – Wonosobo)

1) Fellow behavior

Asih works as domestic helper in Peng Chau Wing Hings St. her fellow is very good. They speak  English for daily communication.  If her work is not pleased her fellow  just reminds her. But if her work is  satisfying  her fellow  say   “ good job. “

2) Colleague

Most of her friends  are from  Indonesia. They communicate in Bahasa.

3) Training center ( BLK)

There are many programs in training centre and she can master them well.  Two positive things are  deft and discipline. So she can apply  them in her work.

Through interviews which the writer  did with female migrant workers  ( TKW)  who work as domestic helper, mostly they work  from Monday  to Friday. Saturday  and Sunday are their day off.  During the  holiday , they  gather in Kowloon park. Or  in Islamic  Kowloons mosque. As for usual  activities they do “arisan” ,  reciting  qur’an and many more.

There are also Cantonese learning activity organized in 2008. It was conducted by Hongkong institution.Which  all teacher staffs are hongkongnese. It was held by  KJRI  in cooperated  with  young scholar  education and Indonesia diaspora    also entrepreunerial learning activities  through selling  Indonesia cuisine which is placed on a box of food.

The research used cross sectional survey appears the female workers show have been living there for years .  Fluent in English  and Cantonese  to communicate with people around them based on the writer has been done  while in Hongkong for 6 days.

  • The Effect of English and Cantonese speaking ability  of female migrant workers toward the fellow.

Most  of female workers speaking Cantonese  in daily communication  but there are also  fellows  who speak English with  the reasons that English is more important  to  be communicated in the world. In order to understand  English and Cantonese they must  understand  what means  of speakers ( fellow)  in order to avoid misinterpretation. By good communication,   the female migrant workers  will be easy doing their job , so the  fellows will be kind to be female migrant workers.

  • The Effect of English and Cantonese speaking ability  of female migrant workers toward the celleague.

The female migrant  workers speak bahasa when they communicate with Indonesian. But when they  met with people  from antoher country they speak  English and sometimes they speak Cantonese as local language.

  • he Effect of  English and Cantonese speaking ability  of female migrant workers toward the other people.

The female  migrant workers (TKW)  in  Hongkong  interact with many people,  for example  when they go  shopping. Ask information to the officer. They speak  English or Cantonese. This  training Center  (BLK)  is needed to support the  placement  of overseas  female migrant female workers. The trainings includes basic skills, interpersonal skills and self-atributes training. These skills incude culinary, house keeping, dressing / laundry, baby care and languages.

In training center ( BLK) foreign language  are taught pronounciation of articulation sounds to express  their  idea or feelings . The technique  uses the form of imitate  teacher utter sounds. The teacher corrects the  articulation then students will imitate what the teacher utter  ( drill pattern)

 

  1. CONCLUSION

Based on the result of research shows that

  1. Speaking ability is a skill to deliver ideas among others.
  2. Speaking ability is a tool to conduct the activity to develop  good  communication  that is needed  to help  in understanding each other for common interest
  3. Through good communication of female migrant workers it will be easy for them in doing their job and their fellow  will be kind to  the  female  migrant workers .

 

 

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHYDefinisi Kesimpulan Berdasarkan hasil penelitian maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa: a.Kemampuan berbicara merupakan keterampilan seseorang untuk menyampaikan hasrat dan pemikiran kepada siapa saja melalui lisan. b. Kemampuan berbicara merupakan alat penting untuk melakukan suatu kegiatan di alam mengembangkan pengalaman. Sebagai makhluk sosial membangun suatu komunikasi yang baik sangat dibutuhkan untuk membantu dalam memahami orang lain yang selanjutnya digunakan untuk kepentingan bersama. c. Dengan komunikasi yang baik para TKW akan mudah dalam menjalani pekerjaan mereka sehingga majikan mereka bersikap baik terhadap para TKW Indonesia. d. Balai latihan berperan penting untuk menunjang kemampuan mereka bekerja diluar negeri agar kompeten dalam berkomunikasi bahasa asing.

Contoh Kesimpulan Berdasarkan hasil penelitian maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa: a.Kemampuan berbicara merupakan keterampilan seseorang untuk menyampaikan hasrat dan pemikiran kepada siapa saja melalui lisan. b. Kemampuan berbicara merupakan alat penting untuk melakukan suatu kegiatan di alam mengembangkan pengalaman. Sebagai makhluk sosial membangun suatu komunikasi yang baik sangat dibutuhkan untuk membantu dalam memahami orang lain yang selanjutnya digunakan untuk kepentingan bersama. c. Dengan komunikasi yang baik para TKW akan mudah dalam menjalani pekerjaan mereka sehingga majikan mereka bersikap baik terhadap para TKW Indonesia. d. Balai latihan berperan penting untuk menunjang kemampuan mereka bekerja diluar negeri agar kompeten dalam berkomunikasi bahasa asing.

Sinonim Kesimpulan Berdasarkan hasil penelitian maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa: a.Kemampuan berbicara merupakan keterampilan seseorang untuk menyampaikan hasrat dan pemikiran kepada siapa saja melalui lisan. b. Kemampuan berbicara merupakan alat penting untuk melakukan suatu kegiatan di alam mengembangkan pengalaman. Sebagai makhluk sosial membangun suatu komunikasi yang baik sangat dibutuhkan untuk membantu dalam memahami orang lain yang selanjutnya digunakan untuk kepentingan bersama. c. Dengan komunikasi yang baik para TKW akan mudah dalam menjalani pekerjaan mereka sehingga majikan mereka bersikap baik terhadap para TKW Indonesia. d. Balai latihan berperan penting untuk menunjang kemampuan mereka bekerja diluar negeri agar kompeten dalam berkomunikasi bahasa asing.

Lihat juga

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