BETWEEN VEGETABLE SELLER AND BUYERS
AT A COMPLEX OF TAMAN KINTAMANI – TAMBUN, BEKASI
This simple research is more focused on interactional oral discourse. This research was conducted to find external text elements. Research subjects taken were a Mobile Vegetable Seller (Tukang Sayur Keliling/TSK) and two housewives (Ibu Susan and Mpok Minah) in the complex of Taman Kintamani, Tambun, Bekasi. The approach used in this simple research is Ethno methodology approach. Data obtained in the form of recorded conversations between the subject of research and notes. While the research instrument used were: phone recorder and stationery. After the obtained data, the data were directly analyzed using content analysis techniques and then described, and finally obtained the external elements of deixis discourse, namely (1) person deixis, (2) place deixis, (3) time deixis, (4) discourse deixis and (5) social deixis.
Key words: pragmatics, text, deixis, external elements.
Languages are not just sets of symbols. They also often conform to a rough grammar, or system of rules, used to manipulate the symbols. While sets of symbols may be used for expression or communication because there are no clear or regular relationships its symbols to express clear and regular relationships between them. Donoghue (1975: 5) states that language is an instrument of social power. It influences beliefs, attitudes, and behavior. It may even be used, in its extreme form, to control and manipulate thought.
By using a language, people can communicate for many purposes. The use of language as a means of communication is the natural phenomena which occurs in a human community. In a community, language is spoken contextually under circumstances. In a language field, the study of contextual meaning is called pragmatics. Pragmatics is one of the linguistic branches which concerns with the study of meaning as communicated by a speaker (or writer) and interpreted by a listener (or reader). It has, consequently, more to do with the analysis of what people mean by their utterances than what the words or phrases in those utterances might mean by themselves. In other words, pragmatics is also the study of speaker meaning (Yule, 1996:3).
Yule (1996) also states that one traditional distinction in language analysis contrast syntax and semantics. Syntax is the study of the relationships between linguistic forms, how they are arranged in sequence, and which sequences are well formed. Semantics is the study of the relationships between linguistic forms and entities in the world: that is how words literally connect to things. Meanwhile, pragmatics is the study of the relationships between linguistic forms and the users of those forms. In this three-part distinction, only pragmatics allows humans into the analysis.
Based on the observation that the writer studied, it was found that the communication between vegetable seller (Tukang Sayur Keliling/ TSK) and buyers (Pembeli: Bu Santi and Mpok Mina) are not syntactically and semantically. This phenomena arouses the researcher to study more deeply to analyze the communication pragmatically. One of the phenomena which is interesting to study is the external elements, in this case is deixis (person deixis, place deixis, time deixis, discourse deixis and social deixis) in a conversation between TSK and buyers.
There are some problems identified from the conversation between TSK and buyers that the writer arouses in this research such as; (a) Do TSK and buyers speak syntactically?; (b) Do they speak semantically?; (c) Do They speak using some external elements in this case is deixis?; and (e) What types of deixis they use in their conversation?
- Next >>